Augsburg has been selected by Roberto Amati in relation to the real history of european integration, then enlisted in the CITY OR CIVITAS category, accompanied by own fact SHEET useful to the comprehension, completed of historical MAPS AND IMAGES or with a direct linking to the related Blog contents dedicated to the entire history of european integration and the future of Europe.

Augsburg civitas

Augsburg is one of the most ancient cities of the history of European integration, signed in great part by Christianity. The Civitas Augsburg was founded in 15 BC by Romans on a strategic point at the convergence of two Alpine rivers on the northern Limes of the Roman Empire and called Augusta Vindeloricum in honour to Augustus. In origin it was a Castra of Celts and Romans veterans that in 120 AD became the capital of Raetia province, connected throught the Aurelia Way to the civitas of Chalon-sur-SaƓne and Carnuntum and throught the Claudia Augusta Way to the civitas of Milan, Verona, Bologna and Florence.

With the reform of Constantine I (see Christian Empire), Augsburg became part of the imperial Italiae Diocesi. Some time after it was built a 500 kilometers wall starting from Augsburg up to Koblenz, including all the Swabia, to stop the Barbarian invasions even though the civitas was devastated by Attila. Augsburg was recovered by the Irish monks in the VI century who built there a big monastir, basis for the evangelization of eastern people, such as Bavari and Magyars: for that reason, with the renovatio imperii of Charlemagne Augsburg became one of the biggest and wide Christian archbishop, attribuited of temporal powers and included in the Imperial Diet for century.

Augsburg was granted the status of a Free Imperial City in 1276 and independent of the Prince-Bishop of Augsburg. The city became Protestant and curtailed the rights and freedoms of Catholics: with its historical strategic location at an intersection of routes to Italy, Augsburg became a major trading centre, leader of European capitalism between 15th and 16th centuries, and a main city of the Reich. Then, it hosted many politic events such as the meeting in 1555 AD that wrote the Augusta Peace treaty that established the legitimity of protestant cults within the Reich and gave the name Confessio Augustana to the official act or the Lutheran cult in Europe.

When the Holy Roman Empire (Reich) was dissolved in 1806 by Napoleon I, the German states were reunited into the Rhien Confederation and Augsburg lost its independence and was annexed to the Kingdom of Bavaria, following its destiny and the Germany history until today. Augsburg became a rich industrial city in modern era, open an important University and remained a main protestant centre, while "the Water Management System" of the city is enlisted in the UNESCO Wordl Heritage. Nowadays, Augsburg is a big city in the south of Germany, part of the Swabia region and the Bavaria lander, whose patron is Saint Afra coming from Cyprus and martyred during the Diocletian persecution.

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