CORINTH CIVITAS


Corinth has been selected by Roberto Amati in relation to the real history of european integration, then enlisted in the CITY OR CIVITAS category, accompanied by own fact SHEET useful to the comprehension, completed of historical MAPS AND IMAGES or with a direct linking to the related Blog contents dedicated to the entire history of european integration and the future of Europe.



Corinth civitas


Corinth is one of the most ancient cities of the history of European integration, signed in great part by Christianity. The Civitas Corinth was founded hundreds years ago by Greeks people, on the homonimous gulf in the Ionian sea developing its commercial spirit. Under the protection of the ancient god Apollo, the city-state (πόλις) of Corinth was invaded by Dorian people and became famous still today for its specific architectural style, a known centre for democracy, arts, education, philosophy and trading, such important that highly influented the European continent, particularly in ancient Rome, still today regarded as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of Christianity.


Corinth always maintained its independence and was one of the leading centres of trading and prosperity in the Peloponnese area, developed a significant naval power and was member of the Delphi League against the Persian invasion in V century BC, allied to its eternal rival city of Sparta. But after the Peloponnesian War winning, Corinth couldn't avoid the submission to Macedonian kingdom and successively the conquer of Roman Empire in the II century BC, together with all Greece.


Within the reform of Augustus (see Roman Empire), Corinth was elevated capital of the Acaja province, after being destroyed and rebuilt in 44 BC as a Colony for Greeks and Italics veterans. Julius Caesar decided the opening of the sea channel, still existing, to empower naval tradings to the Brindisi and Italian's ports, then Corinth was connected to the rest of Balcanic peninsula by the Graeca way, reaching the other ancient and christian civitas of Thessaloniki and Athens ending in Apulum in Dacia province, and the Dalmatica way, starting from Aquileia and running all along the Adriatic sea coasts passing through the cities of Rijeka, Solin, Durres, Athens to end in Patras.


With the reform of Constantine I (see Christian Empire), Corinth became the capital of the Acaja Diocesis cause of its ancient christian community founded by Saint Paul. After the sacks of the Visigoths and Slavs, between V and VI centuries AD, Corinth was confirmed capital of the bizantine Hellas theme and followed the political events and resurrection of the Bizantine Empire, as the "Crusader's sack" of 1204 AD that captured Corinth to the Catholics Church as capital of the Principade of Acaja until 1458 AD, when it was conquered by Ottoman. At the end of the Greek War of Independence, in 1830 Corinth became the purposed capital of the Greek Kingdom under the rule of the Oldenburg dinasty and remained in the actual Greece Republic.


In Corinth there are the ruins of the ancient polis and the Apollo Temple, of the Acrocorinto castle, while the most ancient church of Corinth is the Saint Paul cathedral built in II century. Nowadyas, City of Corinth is located in the center-north of Greece within the Macedonia region, whose patron is Saint Dionysius one of the first bishop of the city.





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